Research Fellow in Applied Health Research
University Of Leeds
Leeds, United Kingdom
1d ago

Are you an ambitious researcher looking for your next challenge?Do you have a background in applied health research? Do you want to further your career in one of the UK’s leading research intensive Universities?

An opportunity has arisen for an enthusiastic Research Fellow to work in the School of Healthcare on an exciting and novel health services research study funded by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Services & Delivery Research programme.

The Project

Incidents involving harm to self or other people, distress, aggression and violence are a frequent occurrence in children and young people’s institutional settings in the NHS and beyond.

They are often managed by use of restrictive practices such as restraint, seclusion, injection of sedating drugs and constant observation.

Use of these practices carries significant risks, including physical and psychological harm to children and young people and staff.

Numerous staff training interventions have been developed to try to reduce their use by seeking to modify practice using a variety of behaviour change techniques (BCTs).

Research in this area is hampered by a lack of attention to their specific components. The MRC has supported work to develop a taxonomy of BCTs to improve the reporting of such interventions by providing a common language with which to specify the content and mechanisms by which behaviour is changed.

The aim of this study is to identify, standardise and report the effectiveness of components of interventions that seek to reduce restrictive practices in children and young people’s institutional settings.

The study objectives are to :

  • 1. Provide an overview of interventions aimed at reducing restrictive practices with children and young people;
  • 2. Classify components of those interventions in terms of behaviour change techniques and determine their frequency of use;
  • 3. Identify the role of process elements in intervention delivery;
  • 4. Explore the evidence of effectiveness by examining behaviour change techniques and intervention outcomes;
  • 5. Compare the components of interventions in children and young people’s settings with those in adult psychiatric inpatient settings (HS&DR 16 / 53 / 17) and identify potential explanations for any differences

    6. Identify and prioritise behaviour change techniques showing most promise of effectiveness and that require testing in future high-quality evaluations.

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